La Citadelle

The Citadel is the largest British fortress built in North America. A unique location, it is an active military garrison, some of whose walls enclose 300 years of military history in Quebec City spanning the French, British and Canadian periods.

Allow yourself to be tempted, and enter this place where mysteries are waiting to be revealed!

A bit of history

Constructed between 1820 and 1831 based on the defence system designed by a French engineer named Vauban, La Citadelle of Quebec was built under the direction of Lieutenant-Colonel Elias Walker Durnford, a British army officer. La Citadelle is an active military garrison. First occupied by British troops and the Canadian artillery, since 1920 it has been the official residence of the Royal 22e Régiment, the only Francophone infantry regiment in the CF Regular Force. It is shaped like a polygon with four angles representing a star and covers 37 acres (2.3 km2).

Elias Walker Durnford
Photo credit: Kedl
Authenticity and traditions

La Citadelle comprises two buildings constructed under the French regime, the only real gate into Old Quebec City, the official residence of the Royal 22e Régiment, the Royal 22e Régiment Museum and the residence of the Governor General of Canada, among others.

In the summer, the men and women of the Royal 22e Régiment continue military traditions by performing ceremonies such as the Changing of the Guard, the Beating of the Retreat and gunnery, to the delight of visitors.

Photo credit: J. Beardsell
A place for living and sharing

La Citadelle of Quebec is open to the general public for guided tours and special events. The Royal 22e Régiment Museum organizes tours, workshops and various activities for regional and provincial events.

Photo credit: J. Beardsell
National historic and world heritage site

A National Historic Site of Canada since 1980, La Citadelle of Quebec is located in the historic neighbourhood of Quebec City, which in 1985 was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

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